Fingerprint Science is one of the very primitive discipline, which has been used by the human civilization since ages. This discipline is considered very reliable and accurate due to the principles of individuality, uniqueness and permanence, which are the factors on which this entire science rests. Now one may ponder on the fact that why is fingerprint said to be individual, unique and permanent in nature? The fingerprints are known to be individual because, since the day, no two individuals have been spotted bearing alike fingerprints. They are even said to be unique, because the minutiae or the ridges and their positions are unique to every single human being. Lastly, they are considered permanent because- during the fetal development, the ridges and the minutiaes start developing at the third month and gets finished by the sixth month, and remains the same for the entire life.
Fingerprints possess certain calculable characteristics which on consideration and examination, help the examiner reach a conclusion. On the basis of Locard’s exchange principle, fingerprints are one of the invisible and prominent clues that are left behind by the perpetrator or the criminal accidentally at a scene of crime. That’s why, it is the prime duty of the investigator conducting the investigation to check and apply the technical skills in order to reveal what actually remains hidden.
Fingerprint impressions have often been and still are considered one of the most valuable types of physical evidence to aid a crime scene investigation. A comprehensive discussion of fingerprint history, development, classification and their use in identification is the core content of this course. In general, three types of fingerprint are found at a crime scene i.e. latent fingerprints which generally suggests invisible prints, patent fingerprints or visible prints and plastic prints, those which are found on surfaces as soap, wax etc. Latent prints are commonly found at the crime scene and thus require certain means for the development or enhancement in order to get visualized.
A transitory discussion will be on other impressions like footprints, palm-prints, skid-marks and their developing methods with different types of tools and techniques. Recording and preservation of marks and its admissibility in the court-room will also be a major concern of the given course structure
Fingerprints are majorly one of the most vital factors in crime deciphering because they may be the only means of ascertaining the people present at a crime scene or involved in a crime. Thus, offering one of the most apposite and acceptable method of establishing one’s identification. This is the only cause why it is also universally used and recognized for the purpose of visa / immigration services, identifying missing persons etc.
Module-1 History and pattern of fingerprints
History and pattern of fingerprint would make the students aware about the general introduction of fingerprint science, history and its development, theories behind the identification of fingerprint, importance of fingerprint in crime scene investigation and personal identification in other aspects, laboratories of fingerprint investigation. This module will introduce you to the lasting knowledge of introduction to fingerprint discipline.
Module-2 Classification of fingerprints
Classification of fingerprints would assist the students to the basics of friction ridges, development of friction ridges, the divisions of three primary fingerprint patterns and their sub division-
1. 5% Arch (Simple Arch and Tented Arch)
2. 60% Loop (Ulnar Loop and Radial Loop) and
3. 35% Whorl (Plain Whorl and Composites- Twinned Loop, Central Pocket Loop, Lateral Loop and Accidental)
The examination and procedure of fingerprint examination. It will familiarize you to single digit classification, Henry classification system, computerization of ten digit fingerprint classification and its usefulness in fingerprint science.
Module-3 Types of fingerprints and their methods of development
This course explains all about the methods and development of fingerprint. In this module, the student will be taught about the pattern of fingerprints and methods of comparison of papillary ridge counts.
Types of fingerprint pattern and their development methods-
Fingerprints and their methods of development like powder dusting, cyanoacrylate method, chemical method, laser method and metal deposition method -
Physical development methods- Powder techniques; Black Powder, Fluorescent Powders, Magnetic Powder, Cyanoacrylate Method etc.
Chemical development methods- Iodine fuming (Non-permanent visualization), Ninhydrin (Reacts with proteins), AgNO3 (Reacts with salt) etc. It will also cover the advance enhancement of fingerprint, digital imaging and enhancement, application of laser and other radiations to develop latent fingerprints and metal deposition method and development of latent prints on skin.
Module-4 Recording fingerprints
The module will be covering the important factors of collection and preservation of fingerprint, taking of finger prints from living and dead person, preserving and lifting of fingerprints, role and importance of photography in recording those prints, digital transmission, and comparison of fingerprints and basis of comparisons- class and individual characteristics, various types of ridge minutiae.
This module is all about methods of fingerprint examination. This course would familiarize the students with the measurable characteristics of the fingerprint which are used to tag and define individual’s uniqueness.
It will acquaint you with the detail of the third level study of fingerprint - introduction of poroscopy, forgery of fingerprints, and fingerprint expert in court, fingerprints and paternity, fingerprint problems in legal aspects.
Module-6 Other impressions
In this module, you will be introduced to the techniques of personal identification through other impressions-
Foot prints – Importance, gait pattern, casting of footprints in different medium, electrostatic lifting of latent footprints, and taking of control samples.
Tyre marks/prints and skid marks, taking of control samples.
Bite Marks – Its significance, photography, lifting and preservation of bite marks and evaluation.
Module-7 Fingerprint digital Techniques for identification, evaluation and comparison
Now a days digital techniques plays a vital role in investigations. In this module, you will be guided on Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) and its stages of operation such as-
1. Enrollment phase and
2. Identification phase.
It will contain digital imaging and enhancement, data compression, image processing techniques, legal necessities, standard procedures for fingerprints imaging, case examples etc.
The evaluation process varies depending upon the course you enroll for, likewise: if you are enrolled for Certification, you will be allotted an assignment during the mid-session of the course, which you are deemed to complete within the month. Similar process is followed in Diploma. But in PG Diploma, after the completion of the assignment during the mid-sessions; a Project-work is assigned during the last quarter, which you have to complete in a month’s time.
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled either in online courses or in distance course. After the completion of the respective course duration, a username and password would be generated for all the enlisted students. The username and the password would be mailed to every student prior to the date allotted for the examination to be held, and accordingly they would be requested by the concerned authorities to check their mails, so that they could use the specified details in order to give their exams on our online examination portal on the allocated date and time.
Note: Every student will be given a username and password a month before the conducting of the exams for the demo-exams, so that they get to know every detail concerned with the online examination pattern.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the postal address of every student, but only after verifying their postal addresses as mentioned on the submitted application forms. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Training is a decisive part to get a practical and professional knowledge. SIFS India provides an affluence training of forensic science. Training schedule is arranged to provide a sympathetic knowledge of forensic science practices, practicals related to fingerprints, principles, case studies and so on.
This collaborative training session is designed for online and distance students. The training would acquaint the students with practicals of fingerprints, work on real cases and the digital techniques required to be an investigator and examiner of the fingerprint and manifold case studies.
Module-1: Mock crime scene investigation and reconstruction- The summer training session allied to fingerprint would make the students recognize the investigation method of the scene of crime in various techniques. Trainees would be guided on a practical activity, on mock crime scene to know about investigation and management of scene of crime, evidence searching method, lifting and packaging of evidence on the basis of their nature.
Crime Scene Reconstruction – The mock crime scene reconstruction will be exercised to make the students aware of the techniques used in the identification and examination of evidences to conclude the crime which occurred at a sight. It will also define you to the introduction to crime scene staging and how to scrutinize the alteration values of a crime scene to reduce its evidentiary value.
Module-2: Fingerprinting- In a theoretical aspect, the training session will delineate you to the general fingerprint introduction, history of fingerprint, classification and divisions of fingerprint, development of fingerprint etc.
In other facets, the training module deliberate wholly the practical parts of development, examination of fingerprints and report writing.
You would be practicing on the techniques of deciphering various types of fingerprints.
Physical methods- Roll and flat method, powder techniques; black powder, fluorescent powders, magnetic powder, cyanoacrylate method etc.
Chemical methods- Iodine fuming (Nonpermanent visualization), Ninhydrin (Reacts with proteins), AgNO3 (Reacts with salt) etc.
Advanced techniques- Live scanner technique.
Levels to examine and establish the identification of fingerprint - fingerprints have three phases of study-
1. Pattern identification
2. Minutiae examination
Module-3: Practicals of other identification marks- This module will introduce you to the introduction to the other identification marks, their role and importance, nature and problems of unique identification marks, types of tool and techniques photography of impressions evidence, recording etc.
It will enable the students to identify and examine lip print, footprint and skid marks.
DURATION OF TRAINING
The duration scheduled for the training is one month during the summer vacations.
ADVANTAGES OF TRAINING
>> The training session specially focusses to bring together online and distance students to enhance their knowledge.
>> Training will provide you the practical knowledge and opportunities to investigate the legal cases.
>> The training session of the course FSP 102 Fingerprint Science and Identification course familiarize you to brief knowledge of course in classroom assembly.
>> Online and distance students attend to plenary training session and case studies, and learn more about Fingerprint Science and the related identification techniques.
FEE FOR TRAINING
The training would be payable for online and distance learning students. But they already being enrolled as students, therefore they can avail an add-on advantage of earning 15% scholarship on their respective course fee.
After the successful completion of one month training, a valedictory function is organised on the last day where students are distributed the certificate and a farewell treat is arranged for the students from the Organization.
Outline towards Fingerprint Science career paths
Now a days Forensic Science stands in very broad manner with multiple sub-fields. Fingerprint is one of the major and prime sub-fields of Forensic Science. After a thorough theoretical and practical sessions provided under this course, the student would be able to gain the capability to apprehend the specific fingerprint pattern, and the techniques linked to the matching and verification of fingerprints. After completing this course, a student has innumerable options for grooming one’s career, some of them are listed below:
>> Student can be appointed as Fingerprint Examiner in the Fingerprint Division of Central and various State Laboratories.
>> Student can practice as a self-employed Fingerprint Expert, and present oneself in any Indian Court of Law under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act (IEA).
>> Student can be appointed as a Fingerprint Expert in Police Stations as well.
>> A student can even opt to accomplish one’s own agency by providing fingerprints to the clients for Police Clearance Certificate, Visa, and Immigration purposes.
Educational Qualification to set a career in Fingerprint Science
First level course of the Fingerprint Science is a Certification Programme. The advantage of this course is, any students can set their career in Fingerprint Science no matter they belong from any discipline like Science, Commerce or Arts. Fingerprint Science courses are also available for the Arts and Science background graduate level students who are interested to start their career from master level programme in the respective investigating science. For those students, who are opting for their Doctorate degree can choose one of the branches/ traits of Fingerprint for their further research and study.
Law students and professional both can do Certification, Diploma Course and P.G. Diploma course offered in Forensic Science.
Sectors in Fingerprint Science
Job prospects for Fingerprint Examiners are in Private Sectors, Government Sectors, Law enforcement agencies, Forensic labs; Government and Private Laboratories. Various jobs are offered in the field of Forensic Science for those students who hold ample qualification in the related fields.
Alternate job besides Criminal Investigation is teaching with abundant opportunity to upheld one’s career by imparting education.
1. What is Fingerprint Science & Identification?
Fingerprint Science & Identification is all about making the students understand the fundamentals, principles and its usefulness in the criminal investigation. This subject would acquaint the students with the various patterns of fingerprint, the parameters that are to be considered in fingerprint identification and examination, and lastly the utility of this science for visa and immigration purposes.
2. What is the course content of FSP 102?
The course Fingerprint Science & Identification (FSP102) includes all about introduction to Fingerprints and its patterns. Course will introduce you to interactive training session and practicals on the scientific and technical methods involved in deciphering, lifting, preserving and finally examining the through various perspectives from the crime scene.
For more details click on- http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-102-fingerprint-science-identification-prospectus.pdf
3. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All online and distance courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
4. What qualification is required to be eligible for the above-mentioned courses?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. In the admission process, self-attested mark-sheets and certificates of the previous school/college and transfer certificate along with 2 passport size photographs will be required from the student.
5. Where can I register for distance or online education courses?
We provide online application form for all online or distance students. To download application, form click on-http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
6. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for online courses will receive a username and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days through mail on their mail id which is mentioned on the application form; whereas distance education students will receive hardcopy of related course materials on the mentioned address by courier or post within 15 working days.
7. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your online exam. All details regarding your exam will sent to you on the mail id provided by you and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into assignment, project and exam.
For more detail please click on- www.sifs.in/ims
8. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or post.
9. What is the difference between online and distance education? Which is the best mode of education?
Both modes of education are good. The only difference between online and distance education is distance education students will get hardcopy material related to their course code, and so the distance learning students will pay Rs. 1000 more as compared to online education students. An extra amount is charged for distance learning students, as the postal charges are included in the course fee.
10. Where do I find out what courses are being offered distance or online?
We provide all informations on the website- www.sifs.in
11. Although my degree is in an unrelated field of study, I have taken quite a few science courses. Am I eligible to apply?
Yes. You are eligible for this Fingerprint Science & Identification (FSP102), if you have completed or if you are pursuing your 10+2 or graduation in any discipline from a Recognized Board/ School/ College.
12. What is the scope and career of forensic education and related courses?
Forensic Science offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colorful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic.
13. Should I pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. If you are living out of India and interested in printed notes and books, then you have to pay shipping/postal charges extra. Summer training and practical sessions will be payable for online and distance students with 15% scholarship.
14. What will I get after joining distance course?
You will get User-id and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days. Study materials, notes and books related to your course and id-card will be sent on the address mentioned by you, either by courier or post within 15 working days.
15. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra).
16. Why is training important?
Training is a vital part of online and distance students. It is intended to provide students with the opportunity to place theories into practicals. It is also very helpful to develop their skills that support professional life by preparing and encouraging them to apply their abilities and knowledge acquired through study in a work later on. So, even before the students completed their course they are trained to be job-ready, therefore increasing the student’s employment prospects.
17. What is the best route to prepare for a career as a forensic scientist?
SIFS INIDA provides professional course Fingerprint Science & Identification (FSP 102) to acquire knowledge from the basics. The course interest attribute to up showing television shows focused on law enforcement and forensics. Subject offers the opportunity to grow your career in many sub disciples.
18. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
19. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Fingerprint Examiner in the Fingerprint Division of Central as well as various State Government Labs. You can also practice as a Private Forensic Fingerprint Examiner and present yourself in any Indian Court of Law as an Expert Witness under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act.
20. What are the other specialized forensic science careers outside the crime laboratory?
Other than working in the Crime Laboratory, you can also be appointed as a Crime Scene Investigator in Police Stations or you can also be appointed as an Investigator for the Mobile Forensic Laboratory.
The Night Stalker Between June 1984 and August 1985, a Southern California serial killer dubbed the Night Stalker broke into victims’ houses as they slept and attacked, murdering 13 and assaulting numerous others. With citizens on high alert, an observant teenager noticed a suspicious vehicle driving through his neighborhood on the night of August 24, 1985. He wrote down the license plate and notified police. It just so happened that the Night Stalker’s latest attack took place that night in that area, so police tracked down the car. It had been abandoned, but police found a key piece of evidence inside: a fingerprint. Using new computer system, investigators quickly matched the print to 25-year-old Richard Ramirez and plastered his image in the media. Within a week, Ramirez was recognized and captured by local citizens. He was sentenced to death and currently sits in prison on death row.
Machine Gun Kelly George “Machine Gun” Kelly was a notorious criminal during the Prohibition era, taking part in bootlegging, kidnapping and armed robbery. On July 22, 1933, he and another man kidnapped wealthy Oklahoma City oilman Charles Urschel. After a series of ransom notes and communications, a $200,000 ransom was paid — the largest amount ever paid in a kidnapping to date. Urschel was released nine days later, unharmed. The oilman had shrewdly paid close attention to every detail during his ordeal and was able to relate it all to police. Although he was blindfolded, he could tell day from night and was able to estimate the time of day that he heard airplanes fly above. He also noted the date and time of a thunderstorm and the types of animals he heard in what he presumed to be a farmhouse. Using his memories, the FBI pinpointed the likely location in which Urschel was held to a farm owned by Kelly’s father-in-law. What truly linked Kelly and his gang to the kidnapping, though, was Urschel’s fingerprints, which he made sure to place on as many items in the house as possible. Kelly was sentenced to life in prison, where he died in 1954.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
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1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Concession
6. Types of Certificates
7. Study Materials
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