FSP RC 102 Fingerprint Identification

    Course Outline

    Fingerprints provide a reliable means that of personal identification. That’s the essential explanation for fingerprints having replaced alternative tactics of structure the identities of criminals unwilling to admit previous arrests.


    Fingerprint science is one amongst the very primitive discipline that has been used by the human civilization since ages. This discipline is taken into account very reliable and correct due to the principles of individuality, individuation and permanency, that are the factors on that this complete science rests. Currently one could meditate on the very fact that why is fingerprint aforesaid to be individual, distinctive and permanent in nature? The fingerprints area unit known to be individual as a result of, since the day, no 2 people are noticed bearing alike fingerprints. They’re even aforesaid to be distinctive, as a result of the minutiae or the ridges and their positions are distinctive to each single person. Lastly, they're thought-about permanent because- throughout the fetal development, the ridges and also the minutiaes begin developing at the third month and gets finished by the sixth month, ands remains identical for the whole life.


    Fingerprints possess certain numerable characteristics that on consideration and examination, facilitate the examiner reach a conclusion. On the idea of Locard’s exchange principle, fingerprints area unit one amongst the invisible and outstanding clues that area unit left behind by the culprit or the criminal accidentally at a scene of crime. That’s why, it's the prime duty of the investigator conducting the investigation to see and apply the technical skills so as to reveal what truly remains hidden.


    Fingerprint impressions have usually been and still area unit thought-about one amongst the foremost valuable sorts of physical proof to assist a criminal offense scene investigation. A comprehensive discussion of fingerprint history, development, classification and their use in identification is that the core content of this course. In general, 3 sorts of fingerprint are found at a criminal offense scene i.e. latent fingerprints that typically suggests invisible prints, patent fingerprints or visible prints and plastic prints, those that area unit found on surfaces as soap, wax etc. Latent prints are normally found at the crime scene and so need sure means that for the development or enhancement so as to induce pictured.


    Fingerprints are majorly one of the foremost important factors in crime deciphering as a result of they may be the sole means that of ascertaining the individuals gift at a criminal offense scene or concerned in a crime. Thus, offering one amongst the foremost appropriate and acceptable technique of establishing one’s identification. This can be the only cause why it's additionally universally used and recognized for the purpose of visa / immigration services, identifying missing persons etc.


    A transitory discussion are going to be on different impressions like footprints, palm-prints, skid-marks and their developing methods with different types of tools and techniques. Recording and preservation of marks and its acceptableness within the court-room will be a significant concern of the given course structure.