FSP 103 Document & Handwriting Examination

Mode of Study -- Online
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    Course Outline

    Forensic Entomology


    Document, can be defined as any material either movable or immovable, that holds a written, printed or drawn inscription. On the contrary, a questioned document is elucidated as any text or document whose authenticity or legitimacy has been questioned, or is considered to be skeptical. In this course listed as Questioned Document Examination, the students will be taught an introduction about the documents, the categories they are categorized into. In addition, the students will be enlightened about the veracity of the document examination, its application in case solving. The cases broadly considered into the Questioned Document section are: the signature verification, the handwriting verification and examination, the examination of inauthentic computer-generated documents, the examination of printed documents, counterfeit currency.


    In simple manner, the entire science of Questioned Document Examination rests on the day by day increasing forgery and foulplay related to documents. The examination generally relates to the documents as agreement, deed, property papers, wills, cheques, and stamps. The document examiner also checks for the presence of any other criminal activity as addition, deletion, insertion or obliteration in the concerned document. The primary concern of a Forensic Document Examiner is to decipher the type of forgery, and thenafter scientifically prepare a report considering the various aspects which are to be taken into account while conducting the examination.


    The students will be taught the fundamentals of the handwriting science, the science of handwriting is a nuero-muscular task which involves a proper co-ordination of brain with the muscles. It is due to this fact that-one can copy one’s writing, but this cannot be done with cent-percent accuracy, efficiency and perfection. Even in case of monozygotic/ identical twins, who share similar appearances and genetic structures do not bear the same handwriting. Therefore, this science is competently as reliable as the science of fingerprint.


    The parameters that are looked upon during the Questioned Document Examination are generally classified into two:


    Class characteristics, as the name itself clarifies, are the characteristics that may remain common to a class of people. The class characteristics include features as: slant, slope, alignment, direction, line quality, size and proportion, spacing, skill of writing, style and connection, pen pressure, pen lifts, pen movement and speed. After a detailed and full-proof examination of class characteristics, an approach towards the individual characteristics should be made.


    Individual characteristics, refer to the characteristics which are unique to every individual. Every individual possesses his own writing style, his own way of forming letters in a peculiar manner. Therefore, these characteristics are said to be individual in nature as they bear a tinge of individuality in themselves. The points that are considered in these characteristics are: the i-dot, the t-crossbar and similarly the formation of other alphabets.


    After a comprehensive study of the theoretical and the practical aspects of this course, students would feel well-equipped with the ability of deciphering the odd from the genuine.