Course Introduction

UGC NET Learning Program

  • Course Outline
  • Curriculum
  • FAQ
  • Case Studies
  • Reviews

UGC NET Learning Program is an initiative brought out by the joint efforts of Capability Development Institute and Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science to help the UGC NET Aspirants get an edge over other competitors and give their best in the first go itself.

The lectures are to be conducted by renowned faculty working in different universities all across India brought together by CDI to provide the best possible content to the students and help them achieve their goal of clearing this reputed exam.

As we believe in providing a level playing field we are providing the Live Lectures FREE OF COST to all registered participants.

The content has been prepared keeping the UGC NET Syllabus in mind with special emphasis on Previous 10-year papers of UGC NET Exams to help the students appearing for the very first time and also to help students who have appeared earlier in understanding their previous faults and rectify them.

We hope to provide students with crisp and concise content to help them clear the exam in their upcoming attempt itself.

  • Paper I
    Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus
    • Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
    • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
    • Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
    • Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
    • Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
    • Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

    Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus
    • Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.
    • Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.
    • Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
    • Application of ICT in research.
    • Research ethics.

    Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus
    • A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

    Unit-IV: Communication
    • Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
    • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
    • Barriers to effective communication.
    • Mass-Media and Society.

    Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus
    • Types of reasoning.
    • Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
    • Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

    Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus
    • Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
    • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
    • Analogies.
    • Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.
    • Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
    • Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
    • Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

    Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus
    • Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
    • Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
    • Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
    • Data Interpretation.
    • Data and Governance.

    Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus
    • ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
    • Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
    • Digital initiatives in higher education.
    • ICT and Governance.

    Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus
    • Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
    • Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.
    • Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
    • Impacts of pollutants on human health.
    • Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.
    • Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.
    • Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

    Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus
    • Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
    • Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.
    • Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
    • Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.
    • Value education and environmental education.
    • Policies, Governance, and Administration.
  • Paper II (Forensic Science)

    Unit – I

    • Forensic Science: Definition, History & Development, Scope, Ethics in Forensic Science
    • Physical Evidence: Nature, Types, Search methods, Collection, Preservation, Packing & Forwarding of Physical & Trace evidence for forensic analyses, Chain of Custody
    • Crime Scene: Nature, Types, Preservation of Scene of Crime
    • Criminal Investigations: Unnatural deaths, Criminal assaults, Sexual offenses, Poisoning, Vehicular accidents
    • Courts: Types, powers, and jurisdiction, Admissibility of evidence in Courts, Definition of Experts, Provisions in Cr. P.C.,1973 & Indian Evidence Act relating to experts & their reports; Court Procedures about Expert Testimony & Witness 
    • Organization of Forensic Science Laboratories of Centre and State, NCRB, and NICFS Fundamental Rights: Right of Equality (Articles 14 to 18) and Right of Freedom (Articles 19 to 22) as per the Constitution of India
    • Criminal Profiling: Profile of victim and culprit, its role in crime the investigation, Lie detection (Polygraphy), Narco analysis, Brain mapping, scope, and limitations 
    • Concept of quality control management in Forensic institutions

    Unit – II

    • Microscopy: Polarizing, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent, and Electron Microscopes
    • Spectrophotometry: UV, Visible, IR, Raman, Atomic absorption, Emission Neutron Activation Analysis X – rays and x-ray-based techniques such as XRD, XRF Mass Spectroscopy
    • Chromatographic Techniques: TLC, GLC, HPLC,HPTLC
    • Hyphenated Techniques: GC-MS, LC-MS, IR-MS, and ICP-MS
    • Electrophoresis: High and Low voltage electrophoresis, Immunoelectrophoresis Immunoassays: Principle, Types, Techniques, and applications

    Unit – III

    • Detection and Identification of Bloodstains
    • Determination of Species of Origin
    • Blood Group Systems
    • Techniques of Determination of Blood groups of Blood Stains
    • Detection of Seminal and other body fluids and their Blood
    • Grouping, Red cells Enzymes, Serum Proteins of forensic significance
    • Disputed Paternity & Maternity
    • DNA: Structure, DNA as a genetic marker, DNA Extraction and Profiling Techniques
    • DNA Phenotyping and RNA Profiling & their applications
    • Wildlife Forensics: Wildlife (Protection) Act,1972, Scope, Evidence and Identification

    Unit – IV

    • Analysis of Ethyl alcohol in beverages, liquors, biological fluids, and breath
    • Analysis of Methanol and Denaturants
    • Illicit liquors
    • Analysis of Chemicals in Trap Cases
    • Metabolism and Chemical examination of Insecticides & Pesticides, Tranquillizers & Sedatives, Hypnotics
    • Stimulants, Narcotics, Opiates, Drugs of abuse; Analyses of above
    • and their Toxicity
    • Plant poisons
    • Metallic Poisons
    • Extraction, Isolation & Clean-up procedures, Identification of common poisons from viscera, tissues, and body fluids

    Unit – V

    • Firearms: Types, Classification, Ammunition, and their Compositions
    • Forensic examination of Firearms, Ammunition, Firearms projectiles (Bullets, Shots, Slug, etc.), Shell case
    • Gunshot residues analysis
    • Concept of Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Ricochet, Accidental Discharge, Determination of Range in firearm cases
    • Examination of Country made firearms
    • Basics of Internal, External, and Terminal Ballistics
    • Tool marks: Meaning, Types, and Examination
    • Restoration of Erased Markings on Metal Surfaces

    Unit – VI

    • Fire and Arson: Analyses of Petroleum Products and other incendiary materials
    • Explosives: Definition, Types, and Analyses
    • Bombs: Country-made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices ( IEDs ), and their examination
    • Investigation in Explosion and Arson related cases
    • Photography: Types, application in criminal investigation & Forensic evidence examination

    Unit – VII

    • Hair & Fibers: Nature, Types, Structure, and Examination
    • Pollens and Diatoms: Their application in Forensic investigation
    • Dust & Soil: Nature, Types, Forensic Examination
    • Paint, Lacquer & Varnishes: Nature, composition, and forensic examination
    • Glass: Composition, Types, Fractures, Examination 
    • Cement, Mortar, and Concrete: General Composition, Forensic Analysis
    • Computer Forensics: Introduction, Types of Computer crimes, Digital evidence- Seizure, Acquisition, and Forensic examination
    • Mobile Phone Forensics

    Unit – VIII

    • Fingerprints: History, Characteristics, Types, Classification, Preservation, Development, Lifting and Comparison, Examination of Chance Prints, Computerization of Fingerprints, AFIS
    • Track Marks: Foot Prints, Shoe Prints, Tire Marks, Their Preservation & Casting, Comparison, Skid marks. Gait pattern
    • Biometric Systems of Identification and their relevance
    • Voice Analysis: Introduction, Significance, Structure of Human Voice apparatus, Voice spectrography, Voice analysis, Legal aspects, and limitations

    Unit – IX

    • Documents: Definition, Types, Preliminary examination of documents
    • Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanical means and their examination
    • Examination of Alterations such as Erasures, Obliterations & Additions
    • Indentations, Secret writings, and Charred documents
    • Inks, Papers, and their scientific examinations with modern methods 
    • Age of documents
    • Examination of Typescripts, Printed matter including currency notes and lottery tickets. Mechanical impressions
    • Hand writings: Class and Individual characteristics of Handwritings, Factors affecting handwritings, Standard samples for comparison, Comparison of hand-written texts
    • Anonymous and disguised writings
    • Identification of handwriting, signatures, detection of forged signatures and forgeries
    • Examination of Credit Cards and Similar materials

    Unit –X

    • Modes & Manner of deaths, Sexual offences, and their medicolegal importance, Amendments in law related to sexual offenses
    • Post – mortem examination and Post – mortem changes, Estimation of time since death
    • Injuries & Wounds: Types, Medicolegal importance, Gunshot wounds
    • Determination of Species of Origin, Sex, Age, Stature, and individual identification through skeletal remains
    • Identification through Skull superimposition and facial reconstruction
    • Human dentition, Type of teeth, determination of Age, Bite marks
    • Forensic Entomology: Introduction, Insects of forensic importance, Insects on Carrion, Forensic applications
  • Will I be receiving any study material?

    Yes, you will be receiving the study material in soft copy form.  

  • What will be the duration of the lecture in a day?

    The lecture duration will be as per the syllabus. 

  • What will be the mode of lectures?

    The discussion sessions will be delivered through online Platform (Zoom).

  • Will I get the recorded lectures?

    Yes, recorded lectures will not be provided.

  • Where can I reach if I want some assistance?

    You can call us or WhatsApp us at +91-9818877002. You can also write to us at

Forensic Science
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Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Managing Director
Phaneendar B N

Phaneendar B N

Forensic Expert

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