Course Introduction

Forensic Learning Program

  • Course Outline
  • Curriculum
  • FAQ
  • Case Studies
  • Reviews

Forensic Learning Program is an initiative brought out by the joint efforts of Clue4 Evidence Foundation and Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science to help the SOCO aspirants get an edge over other competitors and give their best in the first go itself. It is an ambitious program with the goal of being a guide to the Torchbearers of the better tomorrow of Indian Forensics Fraternity. The program offers free registration to students to avail the benefit of live lectures and a minimal fee to avail several benefits like practice tests, model tests, exams, study materials, and live lectures.

The lectures are conducted to provide the best possible content to the students and help them achieve their goal of clearing the exam. The content has been prepared to keep the SOCO syllabus in mind to help the students appearing for the exam and also to help students who have appeared earlier in understanding their previous faults and rectify them.

We hope to provide students with crisp and concise content to help them clear the exam in their upcoming attempt itself.

  • Curriculum
    • Introduction to Forensic Science: Definition, Basic Principles of Forensic Science and its Significance, Need of Forensic Science, Nature and Scope of Forensic Science, Organizational Structure of Forensic Science Laboratories in India, Ethics in Forensic Science, Frye Case and Daubert Standard.
    • Criminology: Introduction, the scope of criminology, History – Famous criminologistsDefinition of crime, criminal behaviour - types of crimes, causes of crime, Juvenile delinquency, criminal profiling.
    • Crime: Definition, theories of causation of crime: Pre-classical and Neo-classical, constitutional, geographical, economic, psychological, sociological, Multiple causation approach. General factors of crime, forms of punishment in brief.
    • Crime Scene Investigation: Definition of the crime scene, Classification of crime scenes indoor & outdoor, primary & secondary, macroscopic & microscopic crime scenes, Significance of crime scene and ethics of crime scene investigation.
    • Physical Evidence: Definition, Importance, Classification, Sources, Significance and value of physical evidence. Types of Crime scene evidence (Direct, Circumstantial, Physical, Chemical, Biological, Digital, Documents), Class and individual characteristics, identification and individualization of physical evidence, Locards’s exchange principle. Linkage between crime scene, victim and criminal.
    • Crime Scene Procedure: Role of the First Responding Officer (First Officer at the Scene, Recording the Time, Assisting the Victim, Search for and Apprehension of Accused, Securing the Crime Scene), Initial Crime Scene Response, Crime Scene Communication, Legal Implications for Crime Scene Searches.
    • Crime Scene Documentation: Plan of Action, Note Taking, Crime scene search for physical evidence, Crime Scene Photography, Types of Cameras, Types of Media, Number of Photographs, Admissibility of Photographs, Videography of the Crime Scene.
    • Collection & Preservation of Physical Evidence: Fingerprints, Impression Evidence, Hair and Fiber Evidence, other Trace Evidence (Glass, Paint and Soil), Firearms and Tool Marks, Biological Evidence (Blood, Body Fluids and Tissue), Accelerants and Flammable Fluids, Explosive Material, Questioned Document, Drug Evidence and Bite Mark Evidence.
    • Crime Scene Search & Preservation: Crime Scene Search (Collection, Preservation, Packaging, labelling, sealing and transportation of Physical Evidence), Sketching the Crime Scene, Information Included in Crime Scene Sketches, Equipment, Types of Sketches, Locating Objects in the Sketch, Admissibility of Sketches, Comparison of Sketching, Photography and maintaining the chain of custody.
    • Introduction to Forensic Chemistry and Toxicology: Introduction, Nature & Scope Distillation and Fractionation of petroleum products. Commercial uses of different Petroleum Product and their analysis. Analysis of Alcohol and Non-alcoholic beverages. Introduction to Explosives and explosive substances and their classification. Definition of Poison, Classification of Poison, Types of Poisoning, Sign and Symptoms of Poisoning. Toxicological Exhibits in Fatal and Survival Cases and their Preservation, Treatment in Cases of Poisoning. Routes of administration, action and symptoms of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, Different methods of extraction of poisons and drugs, clean up procedures, analysis and field tests.
    • Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis: Sample preparation, dissolution, digestion and fusion, Nature of trace analysis, spot tests and spectroscopic methods. Screening tests commonly engaged in chemical analysis of drugs samples. Volumetric, Gravimetric and Spectrophotometric analysis.
    • Chromatography: Introduction, principle, procedure and applications of – Paper chromatography, Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), Gas Chromatography and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).
    • Forensic Biology, Serology and DNA: Evaluation of blood and bloodstain - Visual examination, Ultra Violet, Infrared examination, Microscopy, Spectroscopy, Spectrophotometry, Chromatography, Colour and crystal tests, Luminol tests. Composition and biochemical functions of body fluids such as blood, semen, saliva, urine sweat, biochemical nature and forensic significance. Identification of semen, seminal stains and spermatozoa. Visual observation test, Physical test, Ultra Violet test, Microscopic test, Chemical tests and enzymatic tests. Hair Anatomy and Examination of Hairs from Animal and Human Origin. Types and properties of antigens and antibodies, principles. Determination of species origin of blood and bloodstains, Blood grouping techniques in fresh and dried bloodstains. Blood grouping types and their importance in Forensic analysis. Estimation of age of bloodstains. Secretors and non-secretors status. Types of DNA and their role in human identification. Extraction of DNA from different types of biological samples, DNA extraction methods. Determining quality and quantity of DNA samples, PCR and DNA fingerprinting/profiling methods such as RFLP and STR.
    • Forensic Physics: Density, Refractive Index, Birefringence; Other Optical Properties of Crystalline Material. Examination of Soil, Dust, Paints, Glass, Fiber, Tool Marks, Restoration of Erased / Obliterated Marks, Examination of Wire/ Cables, Counterfeit Coins. Physical Matching of Severed / Broken Objects.
    • General Idea about Firearms and Ammunitions: History and Background of Firearms, Various Components of Firearms, Different systems and their functions, Improvised/Country-Made/Imitative Firearms. Types of Ammunition, Classification and Constructional features of different types of Firearms and Cartridges, Types of Primers and Priming Composition, Propellants and their Compositions, Various Types of Bullets and Compositional aspects, Smooth Bore Firearm Projectile, Identification of Origin, Improvised Ammunition and Safety Aspects for Handling Firearms.
    • Forensic Questioned Documents: Various types of forensic documents - genuine and forged documents, Classification of forensic documents, Specimen writings, admitted writings, Handling, preservation, marking and packing of documents, Types of Questioned Documents examination, Types of forgeries, Basic Tools needed for forensic documents examination and their use.
    • Introduction to Computer & Cyber Forensic: Introduction to Computers, Computer History, Software, Hardware, Classification, Computer Input-Output Devices, Windows, Basic Computer Terminology, Internet, Networking, Computer Storage, Mobile Phone Forensics (Android, APFS, Windows), Computer Ethics and Application Programs. Cyber Forensic Basics - Introduction to Cyber Forensics, Storage Fundamentals, File System Concepts, Data Recovery, Operating Systems. Voice Production, Theory-Vocal Anatomy, Speech Signal Processing & Pattern Recognition - Basic Factors of Sound in Speech, Acoustic Characteristics of Speech Signal.
    • Cyber Crimes: Definition, Categories of Cyber Crimes, Hacking, Virus, Worms, Cookies, Obscenity and Pornography, Programme Manipulation, Software Piracy, Intellectual Property and Computer Security, Relevant Section of Information Technology Act.
    • Forensic Psychology: Polygraph Analysis - Lie Detector with MRI; Brain Fingerprinting and its Use in the Criminal Identification; Narco Analysis - Basics of Narco Analysis and its Significance in Forensic Science.  

  • Will I be receiving any study material?

    Yes, you will be receiving the study material in soft copy form.  

  • What will be the duration of the lecture in a day?

    The lecture duration will be as per the syllabus. 

  • What will be the mode of lectures?

    The discussion sessions will be delivered through online Platform (Zoom).

  • Will I get the recorded lectures?

    Yes, recorded lectures will not be provided.

  • Where can I reach if I want some assistance?

    You can call us or WhatsApp us at +91-9818877002. You can also write to us at

Forensic Science
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Afreen Tarannum

Afreen Tarannum

Senior Scientific Officer
Arti Varshney

Arti Varshney

Scientific Officer
Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Managing Director

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