Course Introduction

FSP 405 : Criminology and Victimology

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Criminology is defined as the scientific study of the character, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and interference of criminal behavior, each on the individual and social levels. Sociology is associate degree knowledge base field within the activity sciences, drawing particularly upon the analysis of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, likewise as students of law. The term sociology was coined in 1885 by Italian law Professor Raffaele Garofalo as criminologia. Later, French social scientist Paul Topinard used the analogous French term criminologie.


Victimology, a sub-field of criminology that scientifically studies the link between a victim and a culprit by examining the causes and therefore the nature of the resulting suffering. Specifically, victimology focuses on whether or not the perpetrators were complete strangers, mere acquaintances, friends, relations, or maybe intimates and why a selected person or place was targeted. Criminal victimization could bring down economic prices, physical injuries, and psychological hurt.


Criminology is that the study of crime from a social and individual perspective. As a science, sociology isn't solely involved with the causes and preventions of crime however the social impacts and reactions to crime, further because the criminals themselves; whereas victimology is that the study of the victims of crime, and particularly of the explanations why some folks area unit additional at risk of be victims.


Victimology and Criminology are the vital scientific studies in criminal analysis that are geared towards up the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. This course outline provides a basic analysis of these two aspects and therefore the role they play within the criminal justice system. This can be followed by an evidence of the similarities and variations between victimology and sociology. The ultimate part of the topic could be a section an info on the applications and techniques of this science on criminal justice system.

  • Level I : Criminology and Victimology

    MODULE 1 – CRIMINOLOGY

    This module defines criminology under the subheadings- nature, level, organization, reasons, control, penalties, and deterrence of criminals, both on the separate and communal points. The nature and scope, relation with other social sciences and relevance of criminology to contemporary society help the criminologists in knowing the behavior of criminals. This module also covers the methods (general and specific) used in criminology as the research purpose.

    MODULE 2 – PRE-CLASSICAL, CLASSICAL AND NEO-CLASSICAL THEORIES OF CRIME

    This module familiarize you with the theories of crime like Pre-classical, classical, and neo-classical theories. In the theories, different criminologists have given the definitions of criminals. This module also covers the positivism in criminology, sociological theories, social processes theories, radical approach- development of radical criminology: meaning, scope and relevance, critical criminology which gives an idea to criminologists about the criminal behavior according to their morphological and environmental factors.

    MODULE 3 – CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS

    This module includes the classification of criminal and crime according to the mens rea of an individual. The social issues, deviance and white collar crime, juvenile delinquency, prostitution, suicide and alcoholism and drug addiction through which the person are categories into different level of crime. This module also covers the differences between sin, tort and crime by which court decide the punishment of an individual.

    MODULE 4– FORMS OF CRIME

    This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminology is all about. Students will be able to gather information on forms of crime like introduction to organized crime, economic crimes, violence crime, public order crime, Cyber-crime and property crime. This module also includes Terrorism technical and legal aspects, nature and forms of terrorism, causes of terrorism, prosecution and punishment under anti-terrorism laws. Cyber-crimes threats and environmental crimes all have been discussed in this course module.

    MODULE 5 – VICTIMOLOGY

    Infant Death, as the name signifies will be dealing with victimology. This module focusses on introduction to victimology and its history in legal aspects. The theories of Victimology, stalking, sexual assault, domestic assault, victim impact and victim blaming are all covered in this module to augment the students’ knowledge.

  • Level II : Criminology and Victimology

    MODULE 1 – CRIMINOLOGY

    This module defines criminology under the subheadings- nature, level, organization, reasons, control, penalties, and deterrence of criminals, both on the separate and communal points. The nature and scope, relation with other social sciences and relevance of criminology to contemporary society help the criminologists in knowing the behavior of criminals. This module also covers the methods (general and specific) used in criminology as the research purpose.

    MODULE 2 – PRE-CLASSICAL, CLASSICAL AND NEO-CLASSICAL THEORIES OF CRIME

    This module familiarize you with the theories of crime like Pre-classical, classical, and neo-classical theories. In the theories, different criminologists have given the definitions of criminals. This module also covers the positivism in criminology, sociological theories, social processes theories, radical approach- development of radical criminology: meaning, scope and relevance, critical criminology which gives an idea to criminologists about the criminal behavior according to their morphological and environmental factors.

    MODULE 3 – CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS

    This module includes the classification of criminal and crime according to the mens rea of an individual. The social issues, deviance and white collar crime, juvenile delinquency, prostitution, suicide and alcoholism and drug addiction through which the person are categories into different level of crime. This module also covers the differences between sin, tort and crime by which court decide the punishment of an individual.

    MODULE 4 – FORMS OF CRIME

    This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminology is all about. Students will be able to gather information on forms of crime like introduction to organized crime, economic crimes, violence crime, public order crime, Cyber-crime and property crime. This module also includes Terrorism technical and legal aspects, nature and forms of terrorism, causes of terrorism, prosecution and punishment under anti-terrorism laws. Cyber-crimes threats and environmental crimes all have been discussed in this course module.

    MODULE 5 – CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

    Organized set up of criminal justice system would familiarize you to the CJS: meaning, purpose and social relevance, legislative process, overview of criminal justice sectors such as, maintenance of law and order, investigation of crimes, protection of life, and production of property rights and prevention of crime. Importance of judicial system in modern society, prosecution system, prison system, investigation of crimes and relations with courts/magistrate, Use of technology in Crime Investigation and citizen’s rights during investigation.

    MODULE 6 – JUVENILE JUSTICE

    Introduction to Juvenile Legislations in India focusses on the definition nature and forms of juvenile delinquency, Beijing rules-Riyadh guidelines, and National policy for children, and history of Juvenile Legislations in India. This module includes juvenile justice system in which NGOs, child welfare committee and juvenile justice board help in handing juvenile. Children in need of care and protection from child laboring, trafficking and children in conflict with law and intervention strategies- restoration/repatriation of children, after-Care, adoption, foster care & sponsorship, issues and problems in reintegration are included in this course module.

    MODULE 7 – VICTIMOLOGY

    Infant Death, as the name signifies will be dealing with victimology. This module focusses on introduction to victimology and its history in legal aspects. The theories of Victimology, stalking, sexual assault, domestic assault, victim impact and victim blaming are all covered in this module to augment the students’ knowledge.

  • Level III : Criminology and Victimology

    MODULE 1 – CRIMINOLOGY

    This module defines criminology under the subheadings- nature, level, organization, reasons, control, penalties, and deterrence of criminals, both on the separate and communal points. The nature and scope, relation with other social sciences and relevance of criminology to contemporary society help the criminologists in knowing the behavior of criminals. This module also covers the methods (general and specific) used in criminology as the research purpose.

    MODULE 2 – PRE-CLASSICAL, CLASSICAL AND NEO-CLASSICAL THEORIES OF CRIME

    This module familiarize you with the theories of crime like Pre-classical, Classical, and Neo-classical theories. In the theories, different criminologists have given the definitions of criminals. This module also covers the positivism in criminology, sociological theories, social processes theories, radical approach- development of radical criminology: meaning, scope and relevance, critical criminology which gives an idea to criminologists about the criminal behavior according to their morphological and environmental factors.

    MODULE 3 – CONCEPT OF CRIME AND ITS TREND

    From this module, one can understand the actual definition of crime with its social, psychological and legal approaches. Crime in ancient time had different views compare to the crime in medieval and modern society. Casual factors of crime and sources of crime statistics define how an individual became a criminal. This module also covers the topics crime in India and abroad, crime under IPC and crimes under local and special legislations which help the public to fight for their legal rights.

    MODULE 4 – CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS

    This module includes the classification of criminal and crime according to the mens rea of an individual. The social issues, deviance and white collar crime, juvenile delinquency, prostitution, suicide and alcoholism and drug addiction through which the person are categories into different level of crime. This module also covers the differences between sin, tort and crime by which court decide the punishment of an individual.

    MODULE 5 – FORMS OF CRIME

    This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminology is all about. Students will be able to gather information on forms of crime like introduction to organized crime, economic crimes, violence crime, public order crime, Cyber-crime and property crime. This module also includes Terrorism technical and legal aspects, nature and forms of terrorism, causes of terrorism, prosecution and punishment under anti-terrorism laws. Cyber-crimes threats and environmental crimes all have been discussed in this course module.

    MODULE 6 – CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

    Organized set up of criminal justice system would familiarize you to the CJS: meaning, purpose and social relevance, legislative process, overview of criminal justice sectors such as, maintenance of law and order, investigation of crimes, protection of life, and production of property rights and prevention of crime. Importance of judicial system in modern society, prosecution system, prison system, investigation of crimes and relations with courts/magistrate, Use of technology in Crime Investigation and citizen’s rights during investigation.

    MODULE 7 – CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE

    This module covers the General principles and specific offences of elements of criminal liability, principles of group liability (Section 149, 34, 109, 120B IPC), offences against person (homicide, kidnapping, abduction, rape), offence against property (theft, robbery, dacoity, cheating, and breach of trust), Criminal Investigation and prosecution, summon trials, warrant trials, session trial, Evidence law and the punishment under IPC.

    MODULE 8 – JUVENILE JUSTICE

    Introduction to Juvenile Legislations in India focusses on the definition nature and forms of juvenile delinquency, Beijing rules-Riyadh guidelines, and National policy for children, and history of Juvenile Legislations in India. This module includes juvenile justice system in which NGOs, child welfare committee and juvenile justice board help in handing juvenile. Children in need of care and protection from child laboring, trafficking and children in conflict with law and intervention strategies- restoration/repatriation of children, after-Care, adoption, foster care & sponsorship, issues and problems in reintegration are included in this course module.

    MODULE 9 – CRIMINAL PSYCHOLOGY

    This module is framed to make the students understand what actually criminal psychology is all about. This module would help students in knowing about the introduction, meaning, purpose and scope of criminal psychology. Psychological vs. Psycho-analytical Approach to Crime, behaviorist approach to crime, factors affecting criminal psychology contain mental illness, human aggression, violence, and development of personality with special reference to criminal, psychometric tests: Use in Criminal behavior, forensic psychology concept and brain imaging- definition, concept and purpose of brain imaging.

    MODULE 10 – PENOLOGY AND CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION

    Penology and correctional administration module deals with the nature of punishment. Meaning, objective, philosophy, punishment in ancient, medieval and modern India, guidelines/prison adulates, theories of punishment and recent approaches to punishment. This module also covers the correction procedure and rules in punishment.

    MODULE 11 – VICTIMOLOGY

    Infant Death, as the name signifies will be dealing with victimology. This module focusses on introduction to victimology and its history in legal aspects. The theories of Victimology, stalking, sexual assault, domestic assault, victim impact and victim blaming are all covered in this module to augment the students’ knowledge.

    MODULE 12 – LEGAL PERSPECTIVE RELATED TO VICTIMOLOGY

    This module include the legal perspective related to victimology in which the correlation between police and victims has been established. Prosecution, victims and defendants contains the rights of victims and balancing the rights of victim with defendant from which the court can give justifiable result. This module also covers the recovery and victim as a profession.

  • What is Criminology & Victimology?

    In Criminology and Victimology, the learners will be acquainted with importance and usefulness of this science in analyzing various crime related traits in a criminal by analyzing all the facts as family background, childhood abuses, personal relationship strains and so. This science helps in understanding the extent of the criminal behavior a particular criminal owns.

  • How can I become an Expert of Criminology & Victimology?

    The learners through the course would get a thorough understanding of the concepts to groom them into an Expert. The analysed content would give the knowledge of criminology and victimology in detail and would let them understand the human psychology in depth as an Expert. 

  • What are the responsibilities as an Expert of Criminology & Victimology?

    The Expert has to understand the psychological condition of the criminal and victims to draw a conclusion and also counsel them to get links for the case and opine for the same. This would aid the enforcing bodies as some cases does not involve clear justification from the evidence or unavailability of the same.

  • What are the scope and the opportunistic aspects of the course?

    Learners can be appointed as a Criminologist in the Central and State Forensic Science Laboratories. They can be appointed as a faculty/ trainer of Criminology and Victimology in the various institutes offering Forensic Science courses as undergraduate and master’s programme or can be appointed as a Psychologist or Counsellor in various counselling firms.

  • Where can I contact in case of any queries?

    You can write to us at education@sifs.in or call us at +91-1147074263 or WhatsApp us +91-7303913002 or +91-7303913003.


Jerry Tidwell Case

Born in a Dutch-American family and living in the Netherlands, Tidwell was abused by his father. The abuse involved him being locked into a closet, whipped him with a belt, and repeatedly drowned, among other things. However, his father never abused his American stepmother and step-siblings, which caused Tidwell to develop a hatred of his whole family and Americans in general. In 2004, when he was fifteen, the Tidwell family went on vacation in the U.S. Inside a hotel room in Florida, Tidwell killed the rest of the family by strangling them to death and was caught in the act. As a result, he was institutionalized until 2010, after which he was released and sent to live and work with his uncle, a fisherman. In 2013, the uncle died, leaving the business to Tidwell.

Still seething in hatred at his family, he began killing families who were on vacation during spring break. By 2015, he had killed the Everett family in Aruba in 2013, followed by the Isaacs in Florida in 2014.

Shambhavi Gupta

5

Must try courses! Since it has helped me a lot to understand the subject, I’d recommend you to attend this course too.

Yashika Goel

4

It was a nice experience of course under SIFS. 

Mrinmoy Mukherjee

5

It was one of a kind course with theoretical knowledge where not even a single second felt like it was not helping me to build a better future in the field of Forensics. Thank you Dr. Ranjeet Singh for your unparalleled guidance.

Priya

4

Very interesting and informative course. I really appreciate the idea and efforts for organizing such course for better and at home learning.

Ritika Katta

4

The course is really helpful as the content is above excel and helped me understand the psychology in detail. 

 

Instructors

Afreen Tarannum

Afreen Tarannum

Senior Scientific Officer

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