B.Sc. Forensic Science Courses After 12th in India

BY SIFS India | February 24, 2024

B.Sc. Forensic Science Courses After 12th in India

Do you love contributing to the world of criminal justice? If the thrilling world of fingerprints, DNA analysis, and crime scene investigation ignites your passion, then pursuing a career in forensic science might be the perfect path for you. 

In this blog post, we have covered everything you need to know about various aspects of the forensic science field and have specifically focused on forensic science courses after 12th grade in India.

What is B.Sc. Forensic Science? 

B.Sc. Forensic Science stands for Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science, a three-year undergraduate program. This course equips you with the skills to apply scientific principles in crime solving, assisting legal authorities in criminal identification, and reducing criminal activity.

Why Should You Study a Forensic Science Course After 12th?

High Demand: Due to the increase in crime rates, demand for skilled forensic experts who can assist law enforcement bodies in solving crime is consistently rising, thereby leading to diverse career opportunities.

Exposure to Diverse Fields: Forensic science covers a wide range of specialties. There is no limit to its subfields, and this can help you select the field of your interest and also make you aware of various new options for specialization.

Varied Career Opportunities: Once you successfully complete your graduation in forensic science, you have several career options to choose from. You can work with government or private forensic labs, law enforcement agencies, consulting firms, teaching institutes, research institutions, etc. as per your skills and interests.

Love for Justice: If you love to serve society by helping legal bodies identify and convict criminals and protect the innocent, then forensic science is the field through which you can contribute to framing a fair legal process.

Personality Development: This profession requires you to possess attention to detail and solve problems on a daily basis. Hence, problem-solving abilities, critical thinking, and a high level of concentration are a few qualities that you will develop while studying and working in this ever-growing field.

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc Forensic Science

- You should have completed both 10th and 12th from a recognized board.

- You must have passed 10+2 or its equivalent in the science stream with PCB with a minimum of 50 percent or more.

- Students who have a 3-year diploma from a polytechnic are also eligible.

- In India, there is no upper age limit to apply for this course.

- Analytical and critical thinking abilities.

- Interest in solving crimes.

Note: Though PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) is the preferred combination, it is not mandatory. So, you must check with the university before applying. Some universities allow admission on the basis of both entrance and merit.

Types of B.Sc Forensic Science Courses

You can pursue a B.Sc. course in two modes:

Full-time B.Sc. Forensic Science Course: The duration of regular mode is three years, and during your study, you will have exposure to a wide range of topics. You will gain both theoretical as well as practical knowledge. The hands-on practice you acquire helps you learn problems with maximum accuracy. 

Distance B.Sc. Forensic Science: Though the duration is the same as regular mode, a few universities might offer flexibility of 2 or more years. If you are working professionally or cannot pursue regular studies, there are various universities that offer this course via distance learning. So, irrespective of your location, you can become a forensic scientist. However, this field demands practical knowledge that distance education might not fulfill.

B.S.c. Forensic Science Course Fees

The cost of forensic science courses varies depending on the type of program, course duration, institute, and location. Generally, government institutes are more affordable as compared to private universities.

Also, there are various other expenditures apart from fees (which can range from a few thousand to lakhs per annum), like course materials, hostel fees, and entrance exam costs.

Also, the fee structure is not constant, so it is recommended to check with the concerned university before applying. Regular courses have higher fees as compared to distance or online learning modes.

Admission Process for B.Sc Forensic Science

The admission process varies from university to university. Admission can be both merit-based and entrance-based. So, you must check with the university to learn about their admission criteria.

B.Sc. Forensic Science Course Subjects

This course spans over six semesters, and below you can find the topics covered during them. Also, this is a general list, and the subjects can vary depending on the program and specialization chosen.

B.Sc. Forensic Science Subjects: 1st Year

Semester I
Semester II
Introduction to Forensic Science
EnglishLaw to Combat Crime
Environmental ScienceCriminal Law
Crime and SocietyPhysics
Digital ForensicsForensic Psychology
Tools and Techniques in Forensic Science

B.Sc. Forensic Science Subjects: 2nd Year

Semester IIISemester IV
Forensic Biology
Technological Methods in Forensic Science
Computer Science
Forensic Dermatoglyphics
Forensic Chemisrty
BotanyQuestioned Documents

B.Sc. Forensic Science Subjects: 3rd Year

Semester VSemester VI
PsychologyForensic Science and Society
Introduction to BiometryForensic Medicine
EconomicsComputer Forensics Investigations
Forensic BallisticsForensic Anthropology
Forensic ToxicologyHandwriting Identification and Recognition

Forensic Science Scope in India

The field of forensic science is witnessing significant growth in India, driven by factors like:

Increasing Crime Rates: The demand for skilled forensic professionals to assist in investigations is rising.

Technological Advancements: New technologies like DNA profiling and digital forensics are creating new opportunities.

Growing Awareness: Public awareness about the importance of forensic science in the justice system is increasing.

This expanding scope translates into diverse career opportunities across various sectors:

Government: Forensic laboratories, police departments, investigative agencies

Private Sector: Private forensic laboratories, research institutions, consultancy firms

Education and Research: Teaching at universities, conducting research in forensic science

Jobs Profiles in Forensic Science

With a degree in forensic science, you can explore a plethora of exciting career options, including:

Forensic Expert: You apply the principles and methods of science to analyze, identify, and examine the evidence collected from crime scenes to aid investigations.

Crime Scene Investigator: You collect and preserve evidence at crime scenes and maintain proper documentation.

Crime Reporter: As a crime reporter, you need to write criminal events-related, well-researched content for online and offline media like newspapers, news websites, social media, magazines, etc. 

Forensic Toxicologist: You analyze biological samples to detect the presence of drugs and poisons.

Fingerprint Examiner: You are required to analyze and examine fingerprints to identify individuals and link them to crime scenes.

Forensic Auditor: As a forensic auditor, you combine accounting, auditing, and investigative skills to identify and report financial fraud.

Forensic Ballistics Expert: You are required to examine firearms and ammunition to reconstruct shooting incidents.

Forensic Psychologist: You apply psychological principles to understand criminal, victim, and witness behavior and assist in legal investigations.

Crime Laboratory Analyst: You are responsible for gathering and processing evidence obtained from crime scenes for further examination.

Forensic Anthropologist: In this, you focus on analyzing human remains to determine the cause of death, age, sex, and other factors.

Forensic Document Examiner: You need to scrutinize handwriting, signatures, and various documents to establish their authenticity or detect forgeries.

Cyber Forensic Expert: It involves you examining digital devices to gather evidence for use in legal proceedings.

Note: These are a few of the most popular specializations this field offers. There are several others that you can take up as per your interests and qualifications.

Forensic Science Jobs Salary in India

The salary of a forensic investigator varies depending on the specialization chosen, experience level, and the organization you want to work with. However, as a beginner, it is around Rs. 1,50,000 lakh per annum in India, which can go up to Rs. 10,00,000 lakh or more per annum. The average salary ranges between 3-5 lakhs per annum.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. How can I join forensics after 12th?

A. To pursue a career in forensic science after 12th grade, opt for a bachelor's degree program in forensic science or related science fields like physics, chemistry, or biology. Also, you must gain practical working experience through internships and workshops. You can also pursue further specialization through advanced degrees or certifications for specific forensic disciplines.

Q. Does forensic science require NEET?

A. No, NEET is not required for getting admission to forensic science. The National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET) is meant for admission to undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses in India.

Q. Is forensic science a good career?

A. If you are interested in crime scene investigation and analysis, then forensic science is definitely a good career choice for you. It provides you with opportunities to work with law enforcement professionals, private and government laboratories, and consulting firms. The demand for skilled forensic experts is continuously growing, and it offers stability in terms of career.

Q. What is the scope of BSc Forensic Science in government jobs?

A. The scope of BSc Forensic Science in government jobs is significant, with opportunities in law enforcement agencies like police departments, state and central forensic science laboratories, quality control bureaus, intelligence bureaus, and defense services like the army, navy, air force, investigative bodies, etc. These jobs offer you stable employment prospects with competitive salaries and benefits.

Q. What skills are important for a career in forensic science?

A. Apart from theoretical knowledge, as a forensic scientist, you must possess attention to detail, the ability to work in teams, critical thinking and analytical skills, out-of-the-box problem-solving abilities, strong command over verbal and written communication, and an understanding of legal procedures.